Sociology of scientific knowledge: Towards understanding sciences through language

Enhancing the acquisition of the knowledge of sciences has been for long a concern of educationists. The issue has been investigated from different perspectives. One of the most recent, which this paper explores, is a modern linguistic approach that views scientific knowledge as a representation of social reality; thus, understanding this knowledge should be based on the study of its sociology and textual formation, the former investigating the relationship between science and society and the latter analyzing the scientific modus operandi, signs and language respectively. This approach tends to demystify science and make it easily comprehensible by unravelling the opacity of its language through contextualization and popularization.

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Infants need free tongue movement to distinguish speech sounds

A team of researchers led by Dr Alison Bruderer, a postdoctoral fellow at the University of British Columbia, has discovered a direct link between the tongue movements of infants and their ability to distinguish speech sounds.

“Until now, research in speech perception development and language acquisition has primarily used the auditory experience as the driving factor. Researchers should actually be looking at babies’ oral-motor movements as well,” said Dr Bruderer, who is the lead author on a study published in theProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on October 12, 2015. Continue reading “Infants need free tongue movement to distinguish speech sounds”

Linguistics as a window to understanding the brain

Language as a complex system of ‘human’ communication remains an indecipherable mystery for linguists and cognitive scientists. Professor Steven Pinker, a Cognitive Scientist at Harvard University, despite studying language for over thirty years, still feels there is far more for him to know about language than he already knows. In this video, he takes us through the amazing complexities of language by explaining linguistics from psychological and cognitive scientist points of view.

Video credit: Big Think